Castle Village is a cooperative apartment complex located in the Hudson Heights neighborhood of the Washington Heights area of New York City. The buildings are one of many resident-owned apartment buildings in Hudson Heights. Most Castle Village apartments feature spectacular views of the Hudson River, the George Washington Bridge (I-95), and New Jersey.
For historical reasonsTemplate:Fact, New York City apartments owned by their residents are typically held through cooperative corporations rather than condominiums. Although some cooperatives in New York City had been subsidized housing, Castle Village never was. A few of its residents, however, are still renters because they haven't moved out since the conversion to a cooperative in 1985. 
Castle Village stands on Template:Convert , which was the site of a castle built by real estate developer Charles Paterno in 1906. Paterno replaced his castle with a five building apartment project that opened around 1939. The buildings are located on Cabrini Boulevard between 181st Street and Alex Rose Place (often referred to as 186th Streets). The architect George Fred Pelham, Jr., designed the buildings to be one of the earliest apartment towers to employ reinforced concrete construction. In 1939 the monthly rents (including gas and electricity) were from $66 for 2 rooms to up to $165 for 5 rooms. Each floor contains nine apartments, eight of which have river views.  Pelham Jr.'s father, George Fred Pelham, was the architect of two other apartments in Hudson Heights, Hudson View Gardens and The Pinehurst, at Fort Washington Avenue and West 180 Street.
Architectural influences Edit
The design of the towers was influenced by medieval keeps in Europe. The cross design of the towers and the towers in a park layout was later used in most of New York's social and affordable housing. The labor movement owned United Housing Foundation built tens of thousands of cooperative apartments using a similar layout. The reinforced concrete construction was also copied in cooperative developments. Private rental housing, like those built in Parkchester and Stuyvesant Town residential developments followed the architectural design, but substituted the concrete frame for a cheaper steel frame construction.
Retaining wall Edit
The garden facing the Hudson River was, on May 12 2005, the site of a retaining wall collapse. In a massive landslide, the 75-foot-tall wall, completed in 1925 and supporting the Castle Village backyard, buried the northbound lanes of the Henry Hudson Parkway and six parked cars. The collapse stopped traffic on the highway for several days, and an entry ramp to the highway remained closed for almost two years. No one was injured. The reconstruction of the wall and garden, performed by Kiewit Constructors, was substantially completed in October 2007. The access road to the Henry Hudson Parkway below the wall was re-opened in March 2008.
Neighborhood education Edit
In addition to city schools, several private schools enroll students from nursery school through a post-doctoral fellowship. University education includes Yeshiva University and Boricua College. The medical campus of Columbia University hosts the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the College of Dental Medicine, the Mailman School of Public Health, the School of Nursing, and the Graduate School of Basic Sciences, which offers doctoral programs in biomedical sciences. These schools are among the departments that comprise the Columbia University Medical Center, whose full name is the New York-Presbyterian/Columbia Medical Center.
Private primary and secondary schools include Mother Cabrini High School, The School of The Incarnation, and the City College Academy of the Arts, a project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Other private schools include the Herbert G. Birch School for Exceptional Children and Medical Center Nursery School.
- ↑ Department of Buildings. "Board of Inquiry Report: Castle Village Retaining Wall Collapse April 2007," p. 3. 
- ↑ "About Castle Village," Castle Village. 
- ↑ Willensky, Elliot, and White, Norval. AIA Guide to New York City, p. 466. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1988.
- ↑ "History of The Pinehurst," The Pinehurst Co-Operative Apartments. 
- Paterno Castle to be Demolished, New York Times, August 7, 1938
- Board of Inquiry Report, Castle Village Retaining Wall Collapse, NYC Department of Buildings, April 2007