Hudson View Gardens is a cooperative apartment complex located in theHudson Heights neighborhood of the Washington Heights section of the New York City borough of Manhattan, overlooking the Hudson River to the west and Bennett Park (New York), Manhattan's highest natural point, to the east. The complex was constructed as a housing cooperative from 1923 to 1925.
At a time when some believed that only the wealthy or poor could afford to live in ManhattanTemplate:Fact , affordable urban housing was viewed a solution to the problem of the middle-class flight to the suburbs. Dr. Charles V. Paterno, a real estate developer, purchased land on Pinehurst Avenue and Cabrini Boulevard, between West 182nd and 186th Streets, across the street from his estate atop a ridge above the Hudson River. His plan was to create a "garden community" of cooperative apartments to attract those who wanted the comforts of the new suburbs but wanted to reside within the confines of New York City.
The project was designed by George F. Pelham, one of the leading architects in New York City. Pelham's fifteen buildings in the complex occupy 40% of the Template:Convert site. The nine six-story elevator buildings and six four-story walk-ups were situated to make use of the open space and the expansive views of the Hudson River and Bennett Park to the west. Its use of Tudor-style architectural elements in the facade came two years before the construction of Tudor City, the other major Tudor complex in Manhattan. Although the style is popularly referred to as Tudor, the American Institute of Architects describes it as Collegiate Gothic.
Pelham also designed another apartment building in the neighborhood, The Pinehurst, which was built in 1907 at the corner of Fort Washington Avenue and West 180th Street. Pelham's son, George F. Pelham Jr., was the architect of Castle Village, a Hudson Heights neighbor of Hudson View Gardens across Cabrini Avenue, in 1938.
At the time of its construction, Hudson View Gardens was the largest housing cooperative in New York and one of the earliest aimed at the middle class. Today it is known throughout Hudson Heights as the home of beautifully manicured gardens, its own children's playground, and U.S. mail delivered directly to each apartment.  Community events are hosted in the Hudson View Lounge, many of which are free and open to the public.
In addition to public primary and secondary schools, private institutions enroll students from nursery school through post-doctoral fellowships. University education includes Yeshiva University and Boricua College. The medical campus of Columbia University hosts the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the College of Dental Medicine, the Mailman School of Public Health, the School of Nursing, and the Graduate School of Basic Sciences, which offers doctoral programs in biomedical sciences. These schools are among the departments that comprise the Columbia University Medical Center, whose full name is the New York-Presbyterian/Columbia Medical Center.
Private primary and secondary schools include Mother Cabrini High School, The School of The Incarnation, and the City College Academy of the Arts, a project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Other private schools include the Herbert G. Birch School for Exceptional Children and Medical Center Nursery School.
- ↑ Andrew S. Dolkart, “Hudson View Gardens: A Home in The City,” 20 SITES 34 (1988).
- ↑ Willensky, Elliot, and White, Norval. AIA Guide to New York City, p. 466. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1988.
- ↑ "HIstory of The Pinehurst," The Pinehurst Co-Operative Apartments.
- ↑ "HVG Today," Hudson View Gardens.