Système U is a French retailers' cooperative, comprising about eight hundred independent supermarkets; it owns the trademarks Hyper U, Super U, Marché U and Utile, which are used by its members. It had a pre-tax turnover of 12.7 billion Euro in 2002 and 13.8 billion in 2003 , rising to 15.6 billion Euro in 2007; this makes the company the sixth largest retail group in France. Template:Fact
It is directly descended from the Pain Quotidien ('daily bread') cooperative which was founded in western France in 1894. It arranged a strategic alliance with the larger E.Leclerc supermarket group in 1999.
There are three brands found within Système U.
- The largest (in size terms) is Hyper U, which accounts for 15.89% of the group. There are 48 Hyper U stores, which account for a total of 239,293 square metres of retail space (at an average of 4985 square metres per store). The average spend per trip is €43.60. . These are generally found outside of larger towns, but normally as stand-alone structures (rather than as part of a shopping centre)
- The next brand down (in terms of size) is Super U which accounts for 79.58% of the group. There are 672 Super U stores, which account for a total of 1,355,004 square metres of retail space (at an average of 2016 square metres per store). The average spend per trip is €33.30. These are your typical supermarket, and are found either in the centre of, or on the outskirts of smaller towns. Again they exist as standalone structures. 
- Within city centres (and in rural areas), there are smaller stores known as Marché U (subdivided once again into Marché U and Marché U Urbaine), which accounts for 4.53% of the group. There are 143 Marché U stores, which account for a total of 104,468 square metres of retail space (at an average of 730 square metres per store). The average spend per trip is €17.00. 
- ↑ http://www.pme.gouv.fr/economie/chiffresclefs/214.pdf
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Système U corporate website